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巻頭言 高齢化の進む日中両国の連携の重要性

昭和大学歯学部高齢者歯科学講座 教授


呉林芮 程興群 呉紅崑※1
※1 主任医師(責任著者)

Etiology and Serial Treatment of Root Caries in the Elderly

Root caries occurs on the root surface or junction between the enamel and bone. It is one of the most common oral cavity diseases in the elderly and is characterized by a high prevalence, hidden location, difficult treatment, and poor prognosis. The incidence of root caries is increasing annually due to increases in the aging population. At present, there is no standard treatment for root caries. This paper reviews the etiology and treatment methods of root caries described in the literature, as well as the feasibility and practicality of serial treatment for root caries, and aims to propose a basis for standardizing the prevention and treatment of root caries.

【Key words】
Root caries, The elderly, Serial treatment, Quadruple factors


蒋文凱 張亜慶※1
※1 主任医師、教授(責任著者)

Current Situation and Prospects for Oral Treatment of the Elderly in Chinese Stomatological Hospitals

Geriatric stomatology has become vitally important worldwide due to aging populations. This paper briefly summarizes the current situation regarding oral treatment for the elderly in Chinese stomatological hospitals and look to future directions in terms of oral treatment for the elderly, including pathologic, physiological, and psychological changes; the impact of common systemic diseases on oral health; and the effects of aging on dentition and oral soft tissues.

【Key words】
Geriatric stomatology, Root canal obstruction, Systemic diseases, Dental caries


東京歯科大学老年歯科補綴学講座 主任教授

Oral Frailty and Oral Hypofunction in Older Outpatients in Dental Clinics in Japan

Oral function tests have enabled the diagnosis of oral hypofunction. While it is important to maintain teeth to prevent oral hypofunction, recent studies have shown that this alone is insufficient. A decline in the function of the masticatory muscles, lips, and tongue, and reduced salivation, have been linked to deterioration of patients’ general health.

【Key words】
Oral frailty, Oral hypofunction, Oral health management


浜松市リハビリテーション病院 歯科部長
一般社団法人日本老年歯科医学会病院歯科委員会 委員長

The Role and Prospects of Hospital Dentistry for Gerodontology in Japan

Hospital dentistry for hospitalized patients and home dental care are important for the oral management of older adults in Japan who have difficulty visiting dental clinics. Hospital dentistry can have a positive effect on oral health management for hospitalized older adult patients and may be a suitable a clinical site for practicing gerodontology.

【Key words】
Hospital dentistry, Hospitalized patients, Medical dental collaboration, Older adults, Oral management



“Patient Advocacy” for Psychiatric Interpreters

金沢大学大学院人間社会環境研究科 博士後期課程  周 英
金沢大学融合研究域 教授  堤 敦朗

笹川生 in China

南方医科大学珠江病院甲状腺外科 主治医師   陳 飛

あとがき 広報委員会委員  関根秀志